12 May 2015

A new generation of hemostatic agents for the army

The Ministry of Defense will replace bandages with powder

IA "Amitel"The Ministry of Defense will receive new hemostatic agents (so-called hemostatics) and laboratories of cellular technologies.

Hemostatics of the new generation will be produced, including in the form of powder – in case of injury in battle and heavy bleeding, they simply need to be sprinkled over the wound. New drugs, which use cellular technologies, make it possible to launch active regenerative processes in tissues faster.

– A new generation of drugs will be developed in the form of powdered hemostatics, medical wipes, bandages, as well as cellular bioengineered structures in the form of a spray to close extensive burns and multiple lesions with biopathogens of various nature, – the military department comments. – These funds will allow military doctors to effectively provide first aid in the field, especially with massive lesions, skin burns, bleeding of varying intensity and multiple lesions with various types of modern weapons.

Images of the Laboratory of Special Medical Equipment, Technology and Pharmaceuticals of MIPT – VM.

"This is an attempt to create a new generation of hemostatic agents based on cellular technologies," the Main Military Medical Department of the Ministry of Defense comments. – In order to produce them in large volume, a technology is required, the development of which must be regulated by relevant documents.

Russian and foreign researchers are developing technologies for creating powdered hemostatic agents based on chitosan – this substance is made from crustacean shells or from fungi and has strong regenerating properties. According to the CEO of the company "New Biomedical Solutions" Sergey Brusov, the first such product based on chitosan was the British drug Celox. It is already used in the first aid kit of NATO soldiers.

There are similar developments in Russia, says Brusov. According to him, one gram of the domestic powder can absorb more liquid, it also has a higher absorption rate, and the antibiotic included in the drug increases its antimicrobial effect.

– Today there are several domestic drugs to stop external bleeding. They are purchased by medical institutions of the Ministry of Defense, – says Alexander Chuprina, chief surgeon of the N.N. Burdenko Main Military Clinical Hospital. – A few years ago, in the guidelines for NATO military field surgery, preparations based on silicon-organic compounds were replaced with preparations based on chitosan.

However, according to the expert, such funds for topical use at the stages of first aid are not needed in a soldier's first aid kit. They must have professional doctors.

– Distributing such drugs to all military personnel is a waste of money, – Chuprina believes. – They can only be provided with a special contingent, highly qualified military personnel who are able to provide first aid at the level of average medical staff.

According to the medic, published statistics on the operations of Western powers in Afghanistan and Iraq show that out of several hundred wounded who had a local hemostatic for personal use, only in 10% of cases this drug was used by the servicemen themselves. At the same time, in almost all cases it was necessary to use it repeatedly.

Development work should be completed by the end of November 2017. The military department is ready to spend 89 million rubles on the development.

Portal "Eternal youth" http://vechnayamolodost.ru12.05.2015

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