19 November 2008

A DNA database is being created in Russia

Universal genomic registrationMarina Yurshina, Gazeta
On the eve of today's consideration in the State Duma of the draft law "On State genomic registration in the Russian Federation", the prospects for the use of DNA analysis in the work of internal affairs units were discussed at a round table held at the Forensic Center (ECC) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

According to the bill, a federal DNA database will be created in the near future, containing information about those convicted of serious and especially serious crimes, crimes against sexual integrity, as well as unidentified corpses and biological traces seized from crime scenes.

According to the first deputy head of the ECC Tatiana Averyanova, last year more than 21.6 thousand studies were conducted in 32 laboratories of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It is planned that after the entry into force of the law from the beginning of 2009, the number of examinations will increase by 18 times. At the same time, it is expected that the development of the DNA examination method will significantly increase the detection of crimes.

According to Yevgeny Kilesso, First deputy head of the Main Department of Criminalistics of the UPC, the genomic method helps to solve serial murders and rapes committed in the past years. Thus, in Lipetsk, the murder of a woman 10 years ago was solved, and in the Nizhny Novgorod region - a series of rapes committed over several years.

Igor Chechulin, head of the Department for cases of particularly dangerous crimes against the person and property of the IC under the Ministry of Internal Affairs, added that the DNA analysis method is also effective in solving apartment thefts committed by one criminal. Over the past year alone, more than 20 serial property crimes have been solved with its help.

The participants of the round table agreed that the effectiveness of the method will greatly increase when the federal database of criminal DNA is created. "This will give a huge breakthrough in the detection of serious and especially serious crimes," Yevgeny Kilesso promised. In his opinion, the method will also become a deterrent for criminals. After all, if his individual data gets into the database, when committing any subsequent crime in any region, it will not be difficult for operatives to detect biological traces at the scene (for example, saliva, blood, hair, etc.) and calculate the suspect. In addition, the use of the database will allow to reduce the time of investigation of serial crimes by two or three times.

As it was noted, the law also regulates the conduct of paid voluntary genomic registration for everyone. This may be necessary to identify unidentified bodies whose condition precludes their identification by other methods.

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