04 October 2017

Diagnosis and treatment of cancer in one device

Russian scientists have "taught" ultrasound to remove a cancerous tumor

RIA News

A prototype of the first domestic device that uses ultrasound to diagnose and remove a cancerous tumor at an early stage was invented by scientists of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU).

Photo provided by the press service of SPbPU

The device removes the tumor without surgical intervention. It is planned to use it for ablation (destruction) of neoplasms in the mammary, thyroid glands, kidneys, liver and other organs.

"The non‒invasive method avoids surgical scars and postoperative complications," Alexander Berkovich, head of the Laboratory of Medical Ultrasound Equipment at SPbPU, told RIA Novosti. He explained that the device detects a neoplasm using a diagnostic scanner, and then emits a directional ultrasound with a special power sensor that destroys the neoplasm.

As a rule, similar devices for ablation work under the control of MRI, which significantly increases the cost of the procedure. The scientist noted that the uniqueness of the device developed in Polytech, consists in the use of ultrasound simultaneously in three qualities: diagnostic, therapeutic and thermometric (temperature measurement). According to Alexander Berkovich, no one uses such ultrasound-based technologies as part of one device yet.

"French developers combine diagnostic and therapeutic technologies, but the cost of their complex exceeds the price of the Russian one," he added.

SPbPU intends to introduce the development into production together with JSC Novosibirsk Instrument-Making Plant. The release of the device to the market is scheduled for 2019.

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