05 October 2009

Jubilee Nobel Prize for the "aging enzyme"

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded for work on protecting chromosomes from aging
<url>The winners of the Nobel Prize in the category "medicine and physiology" have been announced in Stockholm.

The award was awarded to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Jack W. Szostak and Carol W. Greider for their work in the field of research on the mechanisms of cell aging and chromosome protection using telomeres and the enzyme telomerase. The amount of this year's Nobel Prize in each nomination is 10 million Swedish kronor (975 thousand euros).

Elizabeth Blackburn was born in Australia. She currently works at the University of California, San Francisco. The object of Blackburn's research was telomeres – structures located at the ends of chromosomes. In 1985, Blackburn, together with Carol Greider, discovered the enzyme telomerase.

Carol Greider works at Johns Hopkins University, where she heads the molecular biology and genetic directions. Grader received her PhD (with some reservations, an analogue of the Russian PhD degree) under the supervision of Blackburn.

American biologist Jack Zhostak works at Harvard University Medical School. Zhostak became the first person to create artificial yeast chromosomes. In addition, his work explained many features of the mechanism of recombination and the function of telomeres.

Portal "Eternal youth" http://vechnayamolodost.ru05.10.2009

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